Philippine Laws And Situations.

Civil Liability ConventionWith a series of Bills on merchant shipping, South Africa is about to fall into line with international conventions on oil pollution at sea. In witness whereof the undersigned being duly authorized by their respective Governments for that goal have signed this Convention. On presentation of this blue card to the flag state registry, an owner has received in return a CLC certificate. The total aggregate amount of compensation payable for one incident under the Civil Liability Convention and the 1992 Fund Convention is 203 million SDR.

When oil has escaped or has been discharged from two or a lot more ships, and pollution harm outcomes therefrom, the owners of all the ships concerned, unless exonerated beneath Post III, shall be jointly and severally liable for all such harm which is not reasonably separable. The third tier of the scheme is provided by the Protocol of 2003 to the 1992 Fund Convention (the Supplementary Fund Protocol). This Convention is established in a single original in the Arabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian and Spanish languages each and every text becoming equally genuine.

Note 1: These provisions of the Bunker Oil Convention deal with the liability of shipowners for pollution damage and the making of claims against insurers or persons delivering economic security for ships. The 1992 CLC will enter into force in Jamaica on 6 June 1998, in the Philippines on 7 July 1998, in Uruguay on 9 July 1998, in Singapore on 18 September 1998 and in the United Arab Emirates on 19 November 1998.

As soon as the present Convention comes into force, the text shall be transmitted by the Secretary-General of the Organization to the Secretariat of the United Nations for registration and publication in accordance with Post 102 of the Charter of the United Nations. In conclusion, all these organic and legal persons are declared guilty of the crime of pollution and sentenced to spend fines of several amounts.

Except as provided in paragraphs 3 and 4, the shipowner at the time of an incident shall be liable for pollution harm caused by any bunker oil on board or originating from the ship, provided that, if an incident consists of a series of occurrences having the exact same origin, the liability shall attach to the shipowner at the time of the first of such occurrences.