There is a conceptual distinction amongst torts and contracts, and in the Maltese Civil Code these two sources are dealt with in various sections of the law. Section five and section 2 of the Limitation Act 1980 state that the limitation period for an action in straightforward contract or tort, respectively, is six years from the date on which the lead to of action accrued”. The final essential distinction is that the applicability of statutes relating to contribution and apportionment between concurrent wrongdoers may possibly rely on regardless of whether each wrongdoers are tortfeasors, or no matter if one is a tortfeasor and a single merely in breach of contract (Feldthusen, pg 99). Tort: the plaintiff is to be put in the position it would have been in had the misrepresentation not been created.
Despite the fact that the Court of Appeal disagreed that the loss claimed by Wellesley was as well remote for a claim in contract, it concluded that the tortious rule need to mirror the contractual position in situations of concurrent liability. To begin, I will outline the basis of every single claim in contract and in tort prior to thinking of the nuances in between actions and concluding how such nuances impact a claimant. The initially area of distinction is the application of limitation periods, while a textual analysis of the Limitation Act shows little difference in the rules, the sensible application of limitation in tort and contract is distinct.
They can thus make particular provision for these losses in their contract or communicate these unique situations to the other party (which would bring them inside an extended definition to the contractual rule as to remoteness). Holistically, there is for that reason a possibility that a court may well refuse a breach of contract claim for the other charge, however let a claim in negligence. In 2011, the Court of Appeal held (in Robinson v PE Jones), contrary to what several had believed to be the position, that no concurrent duty in tort would arise in the case of an ordinary developing contract.
This is due to the fact of the House of Lords reluctance to impose liability in tort in relation to negligence causing pure financial loss (it considers this to be the role of contract) and due to the fact of policy considerations. Tortious liability arises independently of any contract but may well also apply alongside contractual duties (a predicament known as concurrent liability”).
Additional lately, the courts have in a quantity of instances restricted the capability of parties to rely on concurrent tortious duties in establishing a claim, especially in building disputes. Remoteness in contract is governed by the decision in Hadley v Baxendale (1854) 9 Ex 341 which held that heads of loss would only be permitted if they have been in the contemplation of the parties” at the time the contract was made. The leading case on concurrent liability for pre-contractual misrepresentation is BG Checo International Ltd. For instance, where the contractual limitation on the tort duty is partial, a tort action founded on the modified duty might lie.