Utah Courts

Civil Case DefendantPrior to presenting your case, you should carefully set out your proof and make confident it is adequate to convince the court your case is much more substantial than the defendant’s. In civil situations, if the defendant is discovered responsible, the court can enter a judgment for income damages, punitive damages, compensation for lost time/wages/earnings, and/or reimbursement for particular expenses, maybe even certain overall performance of a thing to be accomplished that was not carried out. The corresponding concept in civil litigation is res judicata: a single can have only a single trial for claims arising from a single transaction or occurrence.

This signifies that the attorney is asking the court to choose the case in the defendant’s favor mainly because the prosecuting attorney did not present enough evidence to prove the case against the defendant. Throughout the trial, the judge ought to make confident that all the evidence presented and all the concerns asked are relevant to the case. Sentencing – A sentencing hearing is scheduled to decide the punishment a convicted defendant will get.

Since the plaintiff need to demonstrate the defendant’s legal liability primarily based on the plaintiff’s allegations, the plaintiff’s opening statement is commonly given 1st, and is often a lot more detailed than that of the defendant. For example, when the plaintiff has created a prima facie case, the burden shifts to the defendant to refute or rebut the plaintiff’s proof. The judge hears testimony from the prosecution and the defense concerning the punishment that each and every side feels the convicted defendant ought to get. Witnesses – The prosecuting attorney begins the case by calling witnesses and asking them queries.

In civil litigation, the plaintiff wins if the preponderance of the proof favors the plaintiff. In its case-in-chief, the plaintiff methodically sets forth its proof in an attempt to convince the jury that the defendant is legally responsible for the plaintiff’s damages, or that judgment for the plaintiff is warranted below the situations. If the judge agrees that there is not enough evidence to rule against the defendant, the judge rules in favor of the defendant, and the case ends. A particular person can also be involved in a civil lawsuit with a government entity, such as a state, county, or city.

In civil circumstances, a particular person who feels wronged – known as the plaintiff” – brings legal action against a perceived wrongdoer to protect the plaintiff’s interests and, if suitable, to gather damages. Whilst a court can order a defendant to pay damages, the plaintiff may possibly acquire nothing at all if the defendant has no assets and no insurance, or if the defendant is skillful in concealing assets. The above time frames set forth the general sequence of a uncomplicated and standard civil action.